CONDITIONS WE TREAT

Let us simplify what may otherwise seem complicated.

We realize you and your loved ones are more than a label. Using common diagnostic terms can aid understanding and help guide treatment solutions.

Intellectual Disability

The overall prevalence of intellectual disabilities is about 1% in adults worldwide; and about 1.8% in children and adolescents (Maulik et al., 2011). Intellectual disability used to be diagnosed by intellectual quotient (IQ) scores; with cutoff scores of 70 or below. However, per new DSM-V criteria, IQ scores are no longer used. Rather, an emphasis on adaptive functioning is now utilized to diagnose intellectual disabilities. Individuals with intellectual disabilities may have deficits in one or more areas of functioning such as school, employment, home, social, or being able to care for their health. New criteria specifies that there must be a deficit in intellectual functioning as evidenced by problems in reasoning, problem solving, planning, abstract thinking, judgment, academic learning, or learning from experienced as seen by both clinical assessment and standardized intelligence testing. Secondly, deficits in adaptive functioning that result in failure to meet developmental or sociocultural standards for personal responsibility or independent must also be seen. Lastly, the onset of intellectual and adaptive deficits must be seen during the developmental period and must limit functioning in one or more activities of daily life. These individuals may benefit from early intervention and treatment to help increase behavioral skills in adaptive functioning. A multi-disciplinary team of providers including behavioral therapists, language therapists, special education teachers, and community resources are often needed for best outcomes. These individuals are often prone to bullying both at school and at home and continue to face a community stigma. They are more prone to commit suicide or have additional medical conditions such as Down’s Syndrome, Fragile X, or Klienfelters syndrome (Ludi et al., 2012). It is important to diagnose intellectual disabilities and to understand the implications and possible treatment solutions. Although there may be no cure for intellectual disabilities, new advances in neuroscience may be able to raise functional IQ and improve daily life skills. A thorough evaluation can also aid in letting parents and caregivers know where to focus efforts for the best outcomes.

Maulik, P. K., Mascarenhas, M. N., Mathers, C. D., Dua, T., & Saxena, S. (2011). Prevalence of intellectual disability: A meta-analysis of population-based studies. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 419–436.

Ludi, E., Ballard, E., Greenbaum, R., Pao, M., & Bridge, J. (2012). Suicide risk in youth with intellectual disabilities: the challenges of screening. Journal of Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics, 33, 431– 440.

What We Don’t Treat

We are not an emergency clinic. We are an outpatient provider so we do not have inpatient facilities. We are not a hospital and do not provide detox services for addictions. We do not treat schizophrenia or brain disorders related to advancing age such as dementia or Alzheimer’s. We are not contracted with any court system and do not provide court ordered services related to child custody or other matters.

ADHD affects 11% of school-age children (4-17) and symptoms continue into adulthood in more than 75% of children. Boys are over twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD (13.3%) compared to girls (5.6%)

Source: National Resource Center on ADHD

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(623) 824-5051

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