Borderline Personality

Understanding and Managing Symptoms

 Learn about the symptoms, causes, and available treatments for Borderline Personality Disorder to improve quality of life.


Borderline Personality

Understanding and Managing Symptoms

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental health condition that affects how people feel about themselves, their relationships, and their overall well-being. It is a complex and often misunderstood disorder that can cause significant distress for those who live with it. In this article, we will explore the symptoms of BPD, its causes, and available treatment options.

Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder BPD

BPD is characterized by a pattern of instability in mood, self-image, behavior, and interpersonal relationships. Symptoms typically appear during adolescence or early adulthood and can persist throughout a person's life. Some of the common symptoms of BPD include:

  1. Intense and Unstable Emotions:

    • People with BPD often experience intense and rapidly shifting emotions. They may feel extremely happy one moment and then become angry or sad without warning.

  2. Fear of Abandonment:

    • People with BPD may go to great lengths to avoid real or imagined abandonment. They may become clingy or demanding in their relationships, or they may withdraw altogether to avoid the possibility of rejection.

  3. Impulsive Behavior:

    • People with BPD may engage in impulsive behaviors such as substance abuse, binge eating, reckless driving, or unsafe sex.

  4. Unstable self-image:

    • People with BPD may have a distorted sense of self, feeling unsure of who they are, what they like, or what they want out of life.

  5. Unstable Relationships:

    • People with BPD often have difficulty maintaining stable and fulfilling relationships. They may idealize someone one moment and then devalue them the next.

Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder

The exact causes of BPD are not known, but research suggests that a combination of genetic, environmental, and social factors may contribute to its development. Some of the factors that have been linked to BPD include:

  1. Childhood Trauma:

    • People who experience abuse, neglect, or other traumatic events during childhood are at a higher risk of developing BPD.

  2. Genetics:

    • BPD may run in families, suggesting that there is a genetic component to the disorder.

  3. Brain Chemistry:

    • Some research suggests that abnormalities in certain brain chemicals may contribute to the development of BPD.

  4. Environmental Factors:

    • People who grow up in unstable or chaotic environments may be more likely to develop BPD.

Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder

While there is no cure for BPD, there are treatments available that can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Some of the most effective treatments for BPD include:

  1. Psychotherapy:

    • Different types of therapy, such as dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), have been shown to be effective in treating BPD.

  2. Medication:

    • Antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers may be prescribed to manage specific symptoms of BPD.

  3. Self-Help Strategies:

    • People with BPD can learn self-help strategies such as mindfulness, emotional regulation, and distress tolerance to manage their symptoms.

  4. Hospitalization:

    • In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to manage symptoms and ensure the safety of the person with BPD.


BPD is a challenging mental health condition that can cause significant distress for those who live with it. However, with the right treatment and support, people with BPD can learn to manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of BPD, it is important to seek professional help to get an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Brune, M. (2016). Borderline personality disorder: Why ‘fast and furious’? Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health, 2016(1), 52-66.

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