Understanding Depression

Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Depression is a common mental health disorder that can cause sadness, loss of interest in activities, and difficulty sleeping or eating. Learn about its causes, symptoms, and treatments.

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Major Depression

Depression is a common mental health disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It can cause a range of symptoms, including sadness, loss of interest in activities, and difficulty sleeping or eating. Depression can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic predisposition, life events, and chemical imbalances in the brain. It's important to seek professional help if you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of depression.

Depression Symptoms

Symptoms of depression can vary from person to person, but common signs include feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. Physical symptoms can include changes in appetite or sleep patterns, fatigue, and decreased energy. Depression can also cause difficulties with concentration and decision-making, as well as feelings of irritability or restlessness.

There are several different types of depression, including major depression, persistent depressive disorder, and seasonal affective disorder. Major depression is characterized by intense and persistent symptoms that interfere with daily life. Persistent depressive disorder, on the other hand, involves less severe symptoms that last for at least two years. Seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression that typically occurs during the winter months when there is less daylight.


Treatment for depression may involve a combination of medication and therapy. Antidepressants can help regulate the levels of certain chemicals in the brain that contribute to depression. Therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help individuals learn coping skills and strategies for managing symptoms. Lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and good sleep hygiene, can also be effective in treating depression.

Depression is Treatable

It's important to remember that depression is a treatable condition, and seeking help is a sign of strength. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of depression, reach out to a healthcare provider or mental health professional for support.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH). Major Depression. 

Soleimani, L., Lapidus, K. A. B., & Iosifescu, D. V. (2011). Diagnosis and treatment of major depressive disorder. Neurologic Clinics, 29(1), 177-193. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ncl.2010.10.010

Linden, D. E. J. (2014). Neurofeedback and networks of depression. Dialogues in clinical neuroscience, 16(1), 103-12.

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