Dyslexia: Understanding the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that affects reading and language skills. It is a condition that affects millions of people around the world, making it difficult for them to read, write, and spell words accurately. Dyslexia is a neurological condition that affects the way the brain processes information, but it does not affect intelligence or cognitive ability. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for dyslexia.


The exact causes of dyslexia are not fully understood, but researchers believe that it is related to differences in the way the brain processes language. Dyslexia may be hereditary, as it tends to run in families. Studies have shown that certain genes are associated with dyslexia, but it is not a single-gene disorder. Other factors that may contribute to dyslexia include premature birth, low birth weight, and exposure to toxins during pregnancy.


Dyslexia can affect people differently, and the symptoms may vary in severity. Some common symptoms of dyslexia include:

  1. Difficulty with Reading:

    • People with dyslexia may have trouble recognizing letters, reading words accurately, and comprehending written text.

  2. Difficulty with Writing and Spelling:

    • People with dyslexia may have difficulty spelling words correctly and may make frequent spelling errors.

  3. Difficulty with Phonics:

    • People with dyslexia may struggle with the sounds of language and may have trouble breaking words down into smaller sounds.

  4. Difficulty with Memory:

    • People with dyslexia may have difficulty remembering names, dates, and phone numbers.

  5. Difficulty with Organization:

    • People with dyslexia may struggle with organizing their thoughts and may have trouble with time management.


While there is no cure for dyslexia, there are several treatment options that can help individuals with the disorder manage their symptoms and improve their reading and writing abilities. Some common treatment options include:

  1. Multisensory Structured Language Education:

    • This type of education uses multiple senses, such as sight, sound, and touch, to help individuals with dyslexia learn to read and write.

  2. Phonics Training:

    • Phonics training helps individuals with dyslexia learn how to connect letters with sounds.

  3. Vision Therapy:

    • Vision therapy may be helpful for individuals with dyslexia who have difficulty with eye movements and coordination.

  4. Speech Therapy:

    • Speech therapy can help individuals with dyslexia improve their language skills, including their ability to recognize and produce speech sounds.

  5. Assistive Technology:

    • There are many types of assistive technology, such as text-to-speech software and speech-to-text software, that can help individuals with dyslexia read and write more effectively.


Dyslexia symptoms can be fixed with intensive reading problems targeted an improving the underlying components of written and spoken language.

Intelligence and Dyslexia

There is no relationship between dyslexia and intelligence. In other words, having dyslexia is not a cause or effect for low intellectual functioning. People with dyslexia are neither more or less intelligent than their same-age counterparts. However, due to their difficulties, they may be perceived as lazy or unintelligent when this is not the case. If not treated, children with dyslexia may have lasting difficulties with writing, reading comprehension, reading accuracy, and reading speed. They may underachieve and fail in school and experience anxiety or depression as a result of their ongoing difficulties. Many schools do not recognize dyslexia as a category for intervention- so children with dyslexia are considered to have a specific learning disability in reading and this can qualify them for services.

What is the fix?

Unfortunately, the “fix” for dyslexia is a structured, multimodal program 4 days per week for 1 ½ per day and schools usually cannot accommodate this schedule. Even if schools do use effective programs the intensity is not enough to produce a lasting result. And simply working with a tutor or reading more does not treat dyslexia.

When Serin Center specialists diagnose dyslexia, whether independently or part of an Educational Evaluation, we can refer to programs with measurable results. Often times summer is the best time to undergo intensives because attempting intensives after school is too much work for the child. Some parents pull their children from school temporarily or can request earlier release from school to accommodate intensive remediation. Because of the nature of the hard-wiring of the language and auditory centers in the brain, early diagnosis and treatment is critical. For example, children who display speech delays at age 3 can receive interventions that may prevent dyslexia.


Dyslexia is a common learning disorder that affects reading and language skills. While there is no cure for dyslexia, there are several treatment options that can help individuals with the disorder manage their symptoms and improve their reading and writing abilities. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have dyslexia, it is important to seek a professional evaluation and diagnosis. With the right treatment and support, individuals with dyslexia can overcome the challenges they face and achieve academic and professional success.

Serin Center experts have been utilizing applied neuroscience to enhance the lives of children, adolescents, adults, families, and executives with effective and innovative therapy.

Experience the power of innovative and effective applied neuroscience therapy for mental and emotional wellness. Visit Serin Center in Phoenix, Arizona. With offices in Peoria and Scottsdale, our experts provide cutting-edge approaches for faster, long-lasting results. Upgrade your life today and contact us to see how we can help your child, teen, or yourself.